We briefly mentioned alcohol earlier when we discussed nutrition. We know that alcohol is a nutrient, but it is also a powerful and potentially dangerous mood altering drug.
Many health problems are as a direct result of over consumption of alcohol, such as liver disease and some head and neck cancers. Other health problems have a strong association with excess alcohol use, such as heart disease.
This is the reason that there are guidelines that suggest safe limits. These guidelines have been revised and changed recently. The guidelines for alcohol consumption are the same when you have Diabetes as for the rest of the UK population.
Men and women should consume no more than 14 units of alcohol per week, 2-3 units per day and should aim for two alcohol free days per week.
What is a unit of alcohol?
You can calculate the number of units in your drink by applying the following formula:
ABV x volume of alcohol (ml) ÷ 100
Examples of units in standard measures:
Pint of lager
Pint of bitter
Pint of strong beer/lager/cider
500ml Can of lager
750ml Bottle of wine
175ml Glass of red or white wine
250ml Glass of red or white wine
50ml Glass of fortified wine
25ml Single spirit and mixer
50ml Double spirit and mixer
275ml Bottle of alcopop
50ml Double Irish cream liqueur
Pure alcohol contains 7 calories per ml and therefore can contribute to weight gain. Some alcoholic drinks have a high sugar content such as fortified wine, sweet wine, stout, ale flavoured with honey, alcopops, flavoured ciders and liqueurs which may lead to further weight gain and should be consumed in moderation.
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