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Habitat Degradation

It is important to note that habitats can appear to have a different species composition to the standard habitat definitions. This could be the result of changes due to human activity and land management.


This is known as habitat degradation which can lead to a loss of ecosystem services.

Photo of a grouse in a moorland setting. Photo of scrub land.

(c)HarperCollins, used under CLA licence.

'The same stretch of Glen Esk moorland before (top, 1960, with cock grouse on its territory and a pile of limestone ready for spreading), and after conversion (botton, 1994, heather has been 'improved' to grass, through government subsidy).'

Watson, A; Moss, R (2008). Grouse. London: HarperCollins. 390.